Mōʻaukala o nā mīkini hana lāʻau

ʻO ka mīkini hana lāʻau kahi ʻano mīkini hana i hoʻohana ʻia i ka hana lāʻau e hana i nā huahana lāʻau semi-hoʻopau i nā huahana lāʻau. ʻO ka pono hana no ka mīkini hana lāʻau ka mīkini hana lāʻau.

ʻO ka mea o nā mīkini hana lāʻau ka wahie. ʻO Wood ka ʻike mua loa a kanaka a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi mea maka, a me ka nohona kanaka, ke hele wāwae, me kahi pilina pili loa. Ua hōʻiliʻili ke kanaka i kahi waiwai o ka ʻike i ka hana lāʻau ʻana ma kahi o kahi manawa lōʻihi. Hoʻomohala ʻia nā meahana mīkini hana Woodworking ma o ka hana hana wā lōʻihi o ka poʻe, ʻike mau, ʻike ʻimi mau a me ka hana mau ʻana.

I ka wā kahiko, ua hana a hoʻohana ka poʻe hana i nā pono hana hana lāʻau i kā lākou hana hana wā lōʻihi. ʻO ka mea hana lāʻau mua loa ka pahi olo. Wahi a nā moʻolelo o ka mōʻaukala, ʻo ka "Saw a me Zhou mau hao keleawe" mua i hana ʻia i ka wā ʻo Shang a me Western Zhou dynasties, ʻoi aku ma mua o 3,000 mau makahiki i hala. ʻO ka mea hana mīkini hana lāʻau kahiko loa i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka mōʻaukala haole ka bow bow bow i hana ʻia e ko ʻAigupita ma BC Ka mīkini pahi olo mua, i puka i ʻEulopa i ka makahiki 1384 me ka mana wai, ka mana holoholona a me ka mana makani e hoʻokau i ka pahi olo i kahi neʻe pānaʻi e ʻoki. nā lāʻau, kahi hoʻomohala hou aʻe o nā pono hana mīkini mea lāʻau.

I ka hopena o ke kenekulia 18, ua hānau ʻia nā mīkini hana lāʻau hou i UK, a i nā makahiki 1860 ua hoʻomaka ka "Revolution Revolution" ma UK, me nā holomua nui o ka ʻenehana hana mīkini, a me ka hilinaʻi mua i ka hana lima i ka ʻoihana ʻenehana. ua hōʻea i ka hana mīkini. Ua hoʻohana ʻo Woodworking i kēia manawa kūpono e hoʻomaka i ke kaʻina hana o ka mīkini. ʻO nā mea hou a S. Benthem, ka ʻenekini kūkulu moku Pelekane i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he "makuakāne o nā mīkini hana lāʻau", ʻo ia ka mea kaulana loa. Mai ka makahiki 1791 aku, ua haku ʻo ia i ka hoʻolālā pālahalaha, ka mīkini wili, ka mīkini hollowing, ka pōʻai puni a me ka mīkini ʻeli. ʻOiai kūkulu maikaʻi ʻole ʻia kēia mau mīkini me ka lāʻau e like me ke kino nui a ʻo nā mea hana a me nā bearings wale nō i hana ʻia me ka hao, ua hōʻike lākou i ka maikaʻi i hoʻohālikelike ʻia i ka hana lima.

I ka 1799, ua hoʻokumu ʻo MI Bruner i kahi mīkini hana wahie no ka ʻoihana moku, a ua alakaʻi ʻia i kahi hoʻonui nui i ka pono. Ua ʻike ʻo 1802 i ka mea i haku ʻia e ka mea Pelekane Bramah. Loaʻa iā ia o ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā mea maka e hana ʻia ma ka pākaukau, me ka pahi hoʻolālā e kaʻa nei i luna o ka mea hana a me ka hoʻolālā ʻana i nā mea hana lāʻau i ka neʻe ʻana o ka pākaukau.

I ka makahiki 1808, ua haku ka mea Pelekane ʻo William Newbury i ka hoʻolālā gantry. Ua hoʻokumu ʻo Williams Newberry i ka saw kani. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole i hoʻokomo ʻia ka ʻauana o ka pēpē ma muli o ka haʻahaʻa o ka ʻenehana i loaʻa i kēlā manawa no ka hana ʻana a me ka hoʻopaʻa ʻana i nā pahi. ʻAʻole ia a 50 mau makahiki ma hope mai ua hoʻopiha ka Palani i ke ʻano o ka hao hao i nā pahi a ua ʻike ʻia ke kani o ka bana.

I ke kenekulia 19 mua, ka hoʻolālā hoʻokele waiwai o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, neʻe ka nui o ka poʻe malihini i ʻEulopa i United States, ka pono e kūkulu i kahi nui o nā hale, nā kaʻa a me nā moku, a me nā waiwai nui o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i kēia kūlana kū hoʻokahi. , ka piʻi ʻana o ka ʻoihana hana lāʻau, ua hoʻomohala nui ʻia nā mīkini mīkini hana lāʻau. 1828, ua hoʻokumu ʻo Woodworth (Woodworth) i kahi planer press ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao hoʻokahi, ʻo kona hoʻolālā he kumu hoʻolālā rotary a me ka roller feed I ka makahiki 1860, ua pani ʻia ka moena lāʻau e ka hao hao.

I ka makahiki 1834, ua hoʻokumu ʻo George Page, he ʻAmelika, i ka mea hoʻolālā lāʻau. Ua haku ʻo George Page i ka mīkini wīwī i hoʻohana ʻia e ka wāwae a me ka mīkini hoʻoulu kino; Hoʻokumu ʻo JA Fag i ka mīkini wili a me ka mīkini holo kaʻa; Ua haku ʻo Greenlee i ka mortis chisel square mua loa a me ka mīkini hoʻouluulu i ka makahiki 1876; ua kū ka sander belt mua loa i ka 1877 ma ka hale hana ʻAmelika ma Berlin.

I ka makahiki 1900, ua hoʻomaka ka USA e hana i nā pahi olo pālua.

Ma 1958, ua hōʻike ka USA i nā pono mīkini mīkini CNC, a 10 mau makahiki ma hope mai, ua hoʻomohala ka UK a me Iapana i nā mīkini openworking hāmeʻa CNC ma hope o kekahi.

I ka makahiki 1960, ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ka mea mua i hana i kahi puʻupuʻu lāʻau i hoʻohui ʻia.

I ka makahiki 1979, ua hana ka hui Kelemania hae (Leits) i kahi mea hana daimana polycrystalline, 125 mau manawa kona ola ma mua o nā pono hana carbide, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia no ka papa paakiki melamine veneer paakiki, papa hana fiber a me ka hana plywood. I nā makahiki he 20 i hala aku nei, me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka uila a me ka ʻenehana CNC, hoʻohana mau nā mīkini mīkini hana lāʻau i nā ʻenehana hou. 1966, Kuekene Kockum (Kockums) ʻoihana i hoʻokumu i ka mea kanu lāʻau i hana mua ʻia e ka computer. 1982, ua hoʻokumu ka hui Pelekane Wadkin (Wadkin) i nā mīkini wili a CNC a me nā kikowaena machining CNC; Hoʻolālā ka ʻoihana SCM Italia i kahi mīkini hana hana lāʻau e maʻalahi ana i ka ʻōnaehana. I ka makahiki 1994, ua hoʻokumu ka hui Italia SCM a me ka hui Kelemania ʻo HOMAG i kahi laina hana maʻalahi no nā lako kīhini a me kahi laina hana maʻalahi no nā lako o ke keʻena.

Mai ka mea i hana ʻia o ka ʻenekini mahu i kēia manawa ʻoi aku ma mua o 200 mau makahiki, ʻo ka mīkini mea hana mīkini hana lāʻau i nā ʻāina ʻoihana i kūkulu ʻia, ma o ka hoʻomaikaʻi mau, hoʻomaikaʻi, hemolele, ua hoʻomohala ʻia i 120 mau lā. ma mua o 300 mau ʻano, lilo i piha i nā ʻoihana. ʻO nā mīkini ʻenehana pae honua ʻoi aku ka nui o nā ʻāina a me nā wahi i kūkulu ʻia: Kelemania, ʻItalia, ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, Iāpana, Palani, Pelekane a me Taiwan Panalaau o Kina.

ʻOiai ua hoʻokaumaha ʻia ʻo Kina e ka imperialism i kēia au hou, ua hoʻokō ke aupuni Qing hewa i kahi kulekele pani pani ʻia, ka mea i pāpā i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o ka ʻoihana mīkini. Ma hope o 1950, ua ulu wikiwiki ʻo China ka hana hana mīkini hana hana. 40 mau makahiki, ua hala ʻo Kina mai ka hoʻohālike, ka palapala ʻana i ka hoʻolālā kūʻokoʻa a me ka hana ʻana i nā mīkini hana lāʻau. I kēia manawa aia ma mua o 40 moʻo, ʻoi aku ma mua o 100 mau ʻano, a ua hana i kahi ʻōnaehana ʻoihana me ka hoʻolālā, ka hana ʻana a me ka noiʻi ʻepekema a me ka ulu ʻana.


Ka manawa Post: ʻAuk-03-2021